Considering that the sustainable future of human societies depends to a great extent on our ability to preserve ecosystems through a better understanding of the interwoven factors that combine to ‘force’ natural and human environments, the GeoSMIT department undertakes research programs aiming at monitoring and informing on a world undergoing radical and complex changes on all spatial and temporal scales. Without the contribution of satellite-based spatial observations and information technology, there is no doubt that people would be far less aware of the environmental changes and of the extent of their impacts on biodiversity, intimately linked as it is to humankind’s future. In particular, integrative research is to be reinforced for assessing the vulnerability of coastal territories, of ecosystems (ex: mangroves, coastal wetlands) and of local communities to a range of risks induced by natural (ex: sea level rise) and anthropogenic pressures (ex: water pollution).
The GeoSMIT is currently developing methodological and thematic research through, for example, the development of new remote sensing and informatics approaches, the multiscale and interdisciplinary study of an ecosystem in a given region, the conceptualization and achievement of new and shared ways to access information on biodiversity. The overall objective is a wide dissemination of robust knowledge through shared web-interfaces. This interdisciplinary research aggregates on three research axes, all transversal to the activities carried out by the other departments of the French Institute of Pondicherry.
- Spatial monitoring and observations of vegetation changes in terrestrial and coastal ecosystems using remote sensing (with focus on mangroves)
- Vulnerability of human and natural environments to pressures induced by oceanic processes, climate change and anthropogenic activities(with focus on the Tamil Nadu coast)
- Information technology dedicated to scientific data manipulation and knowledge sharing (with focus on biodiversity )