This book presents a brief overview of Pondicherry's social and political history from its origins to the merger of the territory with the Indian Union, and beyond. It has three parts: the first relates to the arrival and establishment of the French. It deals with the vicissitudes of their presence here and the way they organised the administration of this Indian region according to their norms. The second part deals with the impact of the French presence on the social body and the legal system. The third is devoted to the manner in which the French left and what remains of their influence. The book does not dwell on historical details of military feats etc; the focus is rather on the socio-political realities which have still something to teach us. Having been in the service of the Pondicherry Government during the years after the merger, the author has lived some of the events, been associated with some others and has been called upon to play a leading role in still others. This personal knowledge is perhaps the distinctive feature of this book as compared to other books on the subject.
With the aim to understand the nature of urban politics and spaces of intermediation in informal settlements in the face of a major infrastructural project in New Delhi, this article is a study of the recent “In-Situ Slum Redevelopment and Rehabilitation Policy in Public-Private Partnership 2019” adopted by the Delhi Development Authority. The first section of the article examines how the policy engages with the contours of state-citizen relations on paper. The second section identifies key actors and networks engaged in the process of mobilization in one of the 32 settlements that are slated to be redeveloped under this policy. I argue that this policy denies an interface between residents and the state during the implementation of a large infrastructural project and, moreover, seeks to ‘formalize’ the mode of political participation for residents of informal settlements to be redeveloped.
Debates on Muslim Caste in North India and Pakistan: from colonial ethnography topasmanda mobilization.
Julien Levesque. CSH-IFP Working Papers n˚ 15, Institut Français de Pondichéry / Centre de Sciences Humaines, 2020, 23 p.
From colonial census administrators to social scientists, scholars have debated whether Muslims in the subcontinent can be said to have castes. In recent decades, the discussion also entered the political arena over the issue of reservations in India. In order to offer an overview of the debates concerning caste among Muslims, mainly in North India and Pakistan, this article first shows that colonial scholars and administrators tended to understand the phenomenon as the product of a history of conquest and miscegenation. I then turn to socio-anthropological debates of the second half of the twentieth century that opposed scholars on whether a caste system existed among Muslims. Finally, I explore how new legal conceptions of caste among Indian Muslims became a stepping stone for political mobilization from the 1990s.
Inequality of Opportunity in Indian Society.
Arnaud Lefranc, Tista Kundu. CSH-IFP Working Papers n˚ 14, Institut Français de Pondichéry / Centre de Sciences Humaines, 2020, 36 p.
Recent debates on distributive justice have started to prioritize inequality of opportunities, that is exclusively generated from circumstance factors beyond individual control. Using data from the National Sample Survey we estimate inequality of opportunity for India in consumption expenditure and wage earning, on the basis of caste, sex, region and parental backgrounds as our circumstances. Adopting the widely used methods of non-parametric and parametric analysis, we find that even in 2011-12, more than one-third of the total wage inequality can be attributed to the differences in the ascribed social positions of an individual. Inequality of opportunity in consumption on the other hand is relatively low. Furthermore, we used the regression tree algorithm to and the hierarchical order among the circumstances and construct the opportunity tree for India, that the previous methods are unable to provide. In the fashion of machine learning, the opportunity tree identifies parental background as one of the most important circumstance factor behind the underlying unequal opportunity in the country, for either outcomes. But the effect of casteism is prominent as well, that in interaction with region, affirms a forward caste premium for most parts of the country, particularly for the regular salaried wage earners.
The Three Early Tiruvantātis of the Tivyappirapantam.
Annotated translation and glossary by Eva Wilden with the collaboration of Marcus Schmücker. Collection Indologie n˚ 143; NETamil Series n˚7, Ecole française d’Extrême-Orient / Institut Français de Pondichéry, 2020, xiii, 556 p.
The early Antātis of the three Āḻvārs known as Poykaiyāḻvār, Pūtattāḻvār and Pēyāḻvār form the earliest layer in the Nālāyira Tivyappirapantam (“Four-thousand Heavenly Compositions”), the devotional corpus of the Śrīvaiṣṇavas, a religious group of devotees of the god Viṣṇu active to this day in Tamilnadu and beyond. Still in the earlier metre Veṇpā and thus part of the Iyaṟpā, the portion of the canon to be recited and not sung, they stand at the transition from Old to Middle Tamil and contain on the one hand many interesting transitional forms, on the other hand experiments with the young genre of devotional poetry, looking back to the earlier conventions of Akam and Puṟam, playing with them and partly going beyond them. This volume offers a metrical Tamil text with print variants and a first glance into a few manuscripts, a word-split transliterated version and an annotated English translation. It includes, along with an introduction and an epilogue on theology, an analytical glossary-concordance and three appendices concerned with names and epithets of the deities, with incarnations and mythic episodes, and with temples and toponyms.
This volume presents several detailed studies of the commentary traditions of South India with a particular emphasis on Tamil, but extended to Sanskrit and Telugu as well. The importance of commentaries for our understanding of classical Indian languages and their literatures has long been acknowledged, but rarely have the commentaries themselves, especially minor ones, been the subject of systematic study. Contributors to this volume begin to remedy this desideratum in several ways. Some describe the specific methods employed by particular commentators and offer translations of passages, many of which have never before been rendered into English. Others examine what impact ancient commentators have had on the development of modern philological and lexicographical tools. More broadly, the role of the commentary in textual exegesis is taken up by several authors, and, in one case, this has led to an extension of the very notion of a commentary to include translation. This volume will serve as an important reference point for further research into commentarial traditions both in India and around the world.
S.L.P. ANJANEYA SARMA and SUGANYA ANANDAKICHENIN (2020), “Reading Potna’s Mhabhagavatamu as a commentary on the Bhagapurana: a case in point”, in The Commentary Idioms of the Tamil Learned Traditions, Anandakichenin (S.) et D’Avella (V.) (eds.), Collection Indologie n˚141, NETamil Series n˚ 5, Institut Français de Pondichéry / École française d’Extrême-Orient, pp. 491-522.
DOMINIC GOODALL (2019), “Damanotsava: on Love in spring, on what Jñānaśambhu wrote, and on the spread of public festivals into the Mantramārga. Studies in the Saiddhāntika Paddhatis II”, in Nina Mirnig, Marion Rastelli, & Vincent Eltschinger (eds.), Tantric Communities in Context, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna, pp. 385–424.
DOMINIC GOODALL and HARUNAGA ISAACSON (2020). ‘A Note on Alexis Sanderson and Indology’. In Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions, edited by Shaman Hatley, Harunaga Isaacson, Srilata Raman, and Dominic Goodall, xxv–xxx. Gonda Indological Studies 22. Boston & Leiden: Brill.
DOMINIC GOODALL (2020), ‘Dressing for Power: On Vrata, Caryā, and Vidyāvrata in the Early Mantramārga, and on the Structure of the Guhyasūtra of the Niśvāsatattvasaṃhitā’. In Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions, edited by Shaman Hatley, Harunaga Isaacson, Srilata Raman, and Dominic Goodall, 47–83. Gonda Indological Studies 22. Brill.
HUGO DAVID (2020), "Speaking of the Individual: Prakāśātman's Akhaṇḍārthavāda and the beginnings of a Theory of Language in Classical Advaita-Vedānta” in A. Graheli (ed.), The Bloomsbury Research Handbook of Indian Philosophy of Language, London, etc., Bloomsbury Academic, p. 313-339.
S.A.S. SARMA (2019), “Ancient Vedic Learning Centres of Tamil Nadu”,in The Panorama of Vedic Lore, ed. ed. K. A. Ravindran, Malappuram: Kadvallur Anyonya parishath & Vallathol Vidyapeetham, pp. 51-63.
S.A.S. SARMA (2019), « Garuda-Bhuta-Tantra Texts of Kerala », in Sanskrit and Cultural Studies: New Perspectives, ed. by V. R. Muralidharan and Sooraj R. S., Kalady: Research Forum Sahitya & Department of Sanskrit Sahitya, Sree Sankaracharya University of Sanskrit, pp. 776-784.
S.A.S. SARMA (2019), “Matrtantra texts of South India with special reference to the worship of Rurujit in Kerala and to three different communities associated with this worship”, in Tantric Communities in Context, ed. Nina Mirnig, Marion Rastelli and Vincent Eltschinger, Vienna: Austrian Academy of Sciences, pp. 539-570.
S.A.S. SARMA (2019), “Construction of Forts and Fortifications in Sanskrit Architectural Texts”, in Epistemological Diversity: Indian Tradition, Festschrift Volume presented to Prof. P. C. Muraleemadhavan, ed. K. Viswanathan, Delhi: Vijaya Books, pp. 275-286.
S.A.S. SARMA (2019), “Agnivesyagrhyaprayoga of Abhirama: A hitherto unknown ritual manual of Agnivesyagrhyasutra”, in Living Traditions of Vedas, ed. P. Vinod Bhattathirippad & Shrikant S. Bahulkar, Delhi: New Bharatiya Book Corporation, pp. 208-216.
R. SATHYANARAYANAN and and Giovanni CIOTTI (2020), “A multilingual commentary of the first verse of the Nāmaliṅgānuśāsana”, in The Commentary Idioms of the Tamil Learned Traditions, Anandakichenin (S.) et D’Avella (V.) (eds.), Collection Indologie n˚141, NETamil Series n˚ 5, Institut Français de Pondichéry / École française d’Extrême-Orient, pp. 443-489.
GUETAT-BERNARD H., LANDY F., OGER-MARENGO M., DESCHAMPS-RÉBÉRÉ J. and RUIZ L., 2020. Injustices environnementales, crise de l'eau et crise de reproduction sociale du monde paysan. Les effets multiplicateurs de la Révolution verte en Inde, Nature et Progrès, (126): 35-37, Link in HAL :https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02887598v1.
AKANE SAITO (2019), “Maṇḍanamiśra’s Application of Mīmāṃsāsūtra 6.5.54 in the Tarkakāṇḍa of the Brahmasiddhi,” (in Japanese) South Asian Classical Studies (Minamiajia kotengaku) 14, pp. 227—268.
AKANE SAITO (2019), “Bheda as a Thing’s Nature in Maṇḍanamiśra’s Brahmasiddhi,” Journal of Indological Studies 30&31, pp. 65—97.
AKANE SAITO (2020), “Power (mahiman, śakti) for Maṇḍanamiśra in the Brahmasiddhi,” Journal of Indian and Buddhist Studies 68-3, pp.1135—1140.
HUGO DAVID (2019), "Compte rendu de ‘J-M. Verpoorten, La Prakaraṇapañcikā de Śālikanātha. Chapitre 6, Section 1: la connaissance valide et la perception’, Louvain-la-Neuve: Université catholique de Louvain & Peeters (PIOL 70 / Textes philosophiques sanskrits 1)" in BEFEO 105 (2019), pp. 368-374.
NACHIMUTHU K. (2018), “Tolkappiyac collatikarakkoḷkaikaḷ”, in Vetci, A Literary Quarterly, Vol. 2 No 2 (October-December 2019), Pollachi, pp.15-19.
DE BERCEGOL, R., GOREAU-PONCEAUD, A., GOWDA, S., RAJ, A. (2020). « Confining the margins, marginalizing the confined: The Distress of Neglected Lockdown Victims in Indian Cities », EchoGéo, Online.
CIRELLI, C., FLORIN, B., & DE BERCEGOL, R. (2020). Picturing Waste. Materials, bodies and practices. EchoGéo, (47).
GAUTIER, L., & LEVESQUE, J. (2020). Introduction: Historicizing Sayyid-ness: Social Status and Muslim Identity in South Asia. Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, 1-11.
MARTELLI, J. T., & GARALYTE, K. (2019). How Campuses Mediate a Nationwide Upsurge against India’s Communalization. An Account from Jamia Millia Islamia and Shaheen Bagh in New Delhi. South Asia Multidisciplinary Academic Journal, (22).
MARTELLI, J. T., & GARALYTE, K. (2019). Generational Communities: Student Activism and the Politics of Becoming in South Asia. South Asia Multidisciplinary Academic Journal, (22).